Ultrasound evaluation has applications in all areas of medicine. In infertility, it is used to help identify many conditions, such as fibroids and polyps. It can also help visualize the uterus, ovaries, and other structures. The most commonly applied type of ultrasound in infertility is the transvaginal ultrasound, where the probe is painlessly inserted into the vagina. Ultrasound creates images using sound waves, whereas X-rays use radiation.
The transvaginal ultrasound has many applications in assisted reproductive technology (IVF) cycles. The development of the follicles can be directly observed, and this data is used to help determine FSH dosing. Follicular rupture and endometrium width can also be documented. IVF patients receive several ultrasound examinations during their stimulation cycles. Ultrasound is often used to monitor Clomid and FSH IUI cycles, as well.
The transvaginal ultrasound is used in the egg retrieval process, which is known as ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval. The fertility specialist uses the ultrasound to visualize the ovaries and follicles, enabling them to precisely puncture the follicles and retrieve the eggs.